Picture this… You’ve just gone skiing in the Alps. The sun is shining, and you’re ready to sit down and enjoy some food and drinks. Of course, there is only one option for après ski – fondue! A steaming fondue pot filled with melted cheese is the ideal way to end a day with friends.
Cheese lovers know all about fondue. Perhaps the only thing better than enjoying a cube of cheese is melted cheese. Paired with wine and bread, it has all the food groups we love! A winning combination, fondue is a Swiss delight that has taken the world by storm.
Before you enjoy fondue, learn all about the history behind the dish and the best ways to enjoy it. Also, make sure to scroll to the end to see some popular fondue sets available for entertaining.
- What is Fondue?
- The History of Fondue
- Types of Fondue
- How to Make Fondue
- How to Enjoy Fondue
- Must-Have Fondue Pots
- More Posts to Enjoy:
What is Fondue?
Popularized in Switzerland, fondue makes for the ultimate winter comfort food. Whether it’s high on a mountain top or gathered around on a Thursday night after work, enjoy fondue in groups. A traditional family meal, fondue is made by melting cheese, wine, and garlic together.
There are many variations of the recipe. Some opt for brandy or cognac instead of wine, while others add herbs, paprika, cayenne, or nutmeg. Just changing the type of cheese can seriously affect the flavor!
To enjoy fondue, dip cubes of white or brown bread into the cheese. As the main dish in a meal, people traditionally serve fondue with potatoes, pickled pearl onions, and pickles. For a drink, enjoy white wine, tea, or even kirsch, which is often added to the cheese as well.
The History of Fondue
Cheese, wine, and bread go way back, so understandably, fondue should too! The first hint of it occurs in Homer’s Iliad, where cheese, wine, and flour were melted together. While it may not have been called fondue, it probably tasted like it!
The word fondue comes from the French word fondre, which means “to melt.” Popularized in the 18th century, the melted cheese we’ve come to know and love originates from Switzerland. Farm families embraced fondue as a way to stretch their food supply during the colder months.
Cheese, stale bread, and a hint of wine could go a long way for one family… A simple pot of fondue would be their dinner. The idea of stale bread came from the fact that many of these families did not bake every day. Therefore, bread would often be stale. When dipped into warm cheese, the bread would soften once again.
The first recipes for fondue appeared in 18th-century cookbooks from France and Belgium, featuring gruyère cheese. Soon, it was often enjoyed by people of means, and to this day, many view fondue as the perfect dish for special occasions.
The popularity of the food soared in the 1930s thanks to a huge marketing campaign by the Swiss Cheese Union (yes, that was a thing!). In WWII, cheese had to be rationed, and promotion was put to a halt. However, fondue and Switzerland become synonymous as the food was promoted as a Swiss national dish.
In the US, the dip was only known to those who had traveled to Europe. At the New York World’s Fair in 1964, fondue was introduced at the Swiss Pavilion’s Alpine Restaurant and Americans have embraced this cheesy and delectable meal ever since!
Types of Fondue
Starting with the obvious, cheese fondue is the most popular and traditional form. While no standard recipe exists for fondue, the most common type of cheese used is gruyère. From the town Gruyères, the cheese is hard, nutty-tasting, and made using fresh cow milk. Aged anywhere from 6 months to 3 years, the taste varies.
Fondue combines different types of cheeses to create an equal blend. Gruyère mixed with vacherin cheese creates moitié-moitié, or half-half. Other common cheeses for fondue include gruyère mixed with appenzeller, raclette, or emmentaler.
Some compare fondue to Mexico’s queso flameado, which is also a dish to be shared. It features melted cheese, chorizo and comes flambéed. Enjoy this Mexican dish with tortillas rather than bread.
While cheese is by far the most popular and traditional form, it’s by no means the only way to fondue!
You can never go wrong with melted chocolate. Chocolate fondue was invented in the early 1960s by Konrad Egli, the owner of a Swiss restaurant in New York City. Egli wanted to include a dessert fondue for his menu. He combined chocolate with heavy cream and kirsch, the cherry brandy traditionally used in cheese fondue.
Fruits such as strawberries, bananas, raspberries, apples, and pineapple always pair well with chocolate fondue. Other great dipping options include marshmallows, pretzels, wafers, cookies, Rice Krispies treats, graham crackers, and small pastries.
Traditionally called fondue bourguignonne, oil fondue uses oil and butter in the fondue pot to cook raw ingredients. Usually, that would be cubes of meat or seafood such as beef, scallops, and shrimp. You can also cook raw veggies such as squash, broccoli, or grape tomatoes. Serve with some dipping sauce such as horseradish, aioli, and bearnaise.
If you try oil fondue, remember how hot it can get. Extreme caution should be taken around boiling oil – you should only fill a fondue pot halfway. Choose a neutral-tasting oil with a high smoke point, such as canola oil.
Oil fondue bears a similar resemblance to hot pots enjoyed in Chinese and Japanese cooking. In a pot of steaming oil or broth, you can cook meat, seafood, and vegetables. If cooking in boiled broth, meat needs to be sliced rather than cubed.
How to Make Fondue
To make fondue the easy way, heat the cheese over the stovetop first. You can find fondue-specific cheese ready to be melted and served at most grocery stores. However, if you feel like making it yourself, there are a few things you’ll need besides cheese.
- Cornstarch helps to bind the cheese and acts as an emulsifier.
- Kirsch (kirschwasser) is needed for traditional fondue. A brandy made from cherries, don’t confuse it for cherry liqueur. That will be too sweet!
- Wine gives the fondue its signature taste.
- Your choice of cheese. A blend of swiss will taste best.
- Season with salt, pepper, garlic, nutmeg, or any other spices you enjoy.
How to Enjoy Fondue
Fondue is served in an earthenware pot known as a caquelon. Held over a portable stove or small flame, the pot keeps the cheese melted for dipping.
Most fondue sets come with long forks that let you dip the bread without burning yourself. Cut bread into cubes, pierce it with a fork, and then dip it in the cheese. Hold it for only a few moments, or the bread may fall apart.
When the meal comes to an end, leave some of the cheese behind. Known as la religieuse, the dark crust of cheese at the bottom of the pot is enjoyed by all at the end of the meal. Yum!
Gathered around the table with your friends and family, remember to have the right fondue etiquette. Share the cheese and bread with everyone, and whatever you do, don’t let your bread get soggy and fall off the fork. The person who does drop the bread has to pay the bill, clean up, or wash the dishes. At least, that’s what the Swiss say!
Must-Have Fondue Pots
To have fondue at home, you’re going to need a great fondue set! Investing in a good set makes for a more enjoyable experience as it won’t burn the food. It keeps everything melted and makes sharing easy for everyone.
Looking to keep things classic? You can’t go wrong with this sleek stainless steel set. The adjustable flame allows you to control the heat, whether you’re cooking oil or just looking to keep some cheese or chocolate warm. Reviews love how easy it is to clean and the high quality for the low price point.
Note: This fondue set requires gel fuel which is not included.
If you don’t want to have to buy fuel, try this electric option. Also made from stainless steel, the temperature can easily be adjusted with the turn of a knob. A cool feature about this fondue set is the removable ceramic pot. Not only does it make cleaning easier, but it also allows you to easily melt the chocolate or cheese on the stove beforehand.
Note: If you are using an electric fondue pot, always be cautious of the cord while eating and getting up from the table.
Want something simple? This fondue set is great for those who don’t want to have to buy special fuel or worry about electrical cords. Heated with tealights, this is a very affordable and easy way to have fondue.
The removable pot is dishwasher and microwave safe, making set up and clean up a breeze. This smaller-sized set is good for groups of up to four.
On the opposite side of simple, we have deluxe. This fondue set is the ultimate party appliance, and it comes with both a fondue pot AND a grill. On top is a stainless steel fondue pot, and below is a round raclette grill and 8 removable pans for cooking. This way, you can cook the entire meal from the table.
It fits up to eight people and is sure to turn dinner into a special moment.
If sharing from one pot doesn’t sound fun to you, you can buy individual warmers. Primarily used for warming butter, these ceramic warmers are also wonderful for keeping chocolate and cheese warm. Use them for individual appetizers or desserts – all you need is a single tea light per pot.
For all your sweet tooth cravings, this chocolate warmer keeps your chocolate at the perfect melting point for dipping. This fondue set has a serving tray, so all the food is easily accessible for those around the table. While advertised for chocolate, you could also use it to keep the cheese warm for fondue or even nachos.
This one is here just because it’s so fun! If you have a special event coming up, why not serve chocolate fondue with a fountain? Buy a large pack of bamboo skewers so people can easily dip in some fruit and other sweet goodies. Your next birthday party, baby shower, or backyard BBQ is about to be the highlight of the month with this set.
The idea of adding another appliance to the house can be frustrating. If you still want to enjoy fondue but don’t want to invest in another single-purpose appliance, slow cookers also can be used for fondue. Consider purchasing a small-sized slow cooker that can not only heat your cheese but make plenty of other kinds of meals too. Plus, it will store well compared to a larger slow cooker.
Most classic fondue sets require a fuel source. These gel packs keep your food warm for as long as you like. They’re easier and safer to use than alcohol and will burn hotter than any methanol burners. Make sure to get a few of these to have on hand anytime a fondue craving strikes!
Most fondue sets will come with fondue forks, but for larger gatherings, you may need more! Spare forks also help when they get mixed up or dropped on the floor. You can never be too prepared!
This set comes with insulated handles to avoid any burns, and the forks come in 12 different colors, so no one gets mixed up about which belongs to them.
Are you craving fondue yet? The Swiss were onto something good when they decided to mix bread, cheese, and wine. Fondue makes a cold night that much cozier by encouraging everyone to come together and share a meal.
Whether it’s feasting on warm cheese and bread or dipping strawberries in chocolate, fondue makes eating dinner an experience. So, gather around the fondue pot and get eating!
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